My main research themes surround studying the physiology of stress in aquatic organisms.  Stress can be assessed at a whole-animal level by monitoring behaviour and other physiological indices such as blood parameters, as well as at a molecular level by quantifying changes in gene, protein, and enzyme activity levels.  I try to use an integrative approach to understand the mechanisms that underlie responses of aquatic animals to changes in their surrounding environment.  In particular, I am interested in how exposure to stressors may affect organisms during early development and also consequences for future generations.